Tuesday 22 June 2021

Children, the Most Vulnerable


Before the introduction of multi-drug therapy (MDT), there was no effective cure for leprosy, and therefore people affected by the disease were isolated in leprosy colonies or leprosarium. This segregation was often enforced by law. As effective treatment and cure became available, many of these colonies were closed; but in a vast, developing country like India, they still exist in large numbers.

 Life in leprosy colonies offers few opportunities for the future.

        Access to education is fraught with challenges.

       Pathways to livelihood are often limited to rag-picking, daily labouring and begging (for those with deformities).

       The future for girls is limited to early child marriage, prostitution or becoming a maid.


Conditions here often fuel the spread of disease – cramped, unhygienic living conditions, lack of water and sanitation facilities, lack of proper nutrition, poor education – and other social issues born out of poverty (violence, abuse, alcohol) fester in the close confines of a leprosy colony.


And it is children, who are often the most vulnerable.

Risks at Every Turn

 The children of leprosy-affected families face risks at every turn.


       Risk of Disease – Leprosy is only contagious after prolonged contact with a person who is not undergoing treatment. Children are therefore most at risk of contracting the disease from other family members who they live in close proximity with.

       Malnutrition – Leprosy and poverty go hand in hand. And the first impact of poverty is on the health and nutrition of family members. With Leprosy affected people earning as little as 1500Rs per month, there is little money for 3 meals a day and everyone in the household suffers as a result.

       Lack of Education – Accessing education is fraught with difficulty at every turn: enrolment, transport to and from school, money for educational materials and accessing tutors are hurdles to jump. Leprosy affected children are ostracized in the classroom by teachers and peers, as well as bullied in the playground – impacting their ability to learn and grow into strong, confident adults.

       Unsafe Environment – Risks abound in a Leprosy Colony. Girls are vulnerable to being trafficked for prostitution or face harassment or abuse by older boys. Boys are susceptible to getting up to mischief, falling into alcohol or drugs or into petty crime. Violence is common. Substance abuse rife. A Colony is not a safe place for children to grow up in.

       Poverty - Leprosy has long been known as a disease of poverty and then leprosy itself, along with its disabilities and stigma, further pushes them toward poverty. This poverty becomes intergenerational as children are affected by the lack of money, lack of opportunity and the risks that come with poverty.


In order to break the intergenerational cycle of leprosy and poverty, childrenmust be given the chance to rise above leprosy – and Educationand Livelihoods provides the key …


This is what Udayan aims to do!

Monday 14 June 2021

Udayan Serves 2 New Leprosy Colonies

In January 2021, the Udayan team, comprising of the Director, Assistant Director and paramedical staff, visited 10 Leprosy Colonies in West Bengal to select new children to intake at Udayan. 
As part of this process, Udayan has extended its support to 2 new leprosy colonies whose children are in dire need of education:
  • Barakar Leprosy Colony located in the Bardhaman District
  • Bachurdoba Leprosy Colony in the Jhargram Paschim Medinipur District. 
In both colonies, the financial condition of families living there is dire, with their main sources of income being rag-picking, and daily labouring in nearby coal mines. Other are employed as domestic help and van pullers.  However total household income leaves families below the poverty line - impacting children the most.
During our visit, we conducted a door-to-door survey to identify children to admit to Udayan and will continue to work with these Colonies to help break the intergenerational cycle of leprosy there.

Up, Up & Away

The demand for nursing staff (both male and female) in government hospitals in West Bengal is increasing day by day, due to the impact of Covid19. 

Taking into consideration the great market demand and good salary provided in this field, 8 of our children (5 boys and 3 girls) were admitted to Rastogi College of Nursing, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh and are attending the General Nursing Midwifery (GNM) course (2020-2021 session). 

Classes commenced in April 2021 and all students are working diligently to optimise this life changing opportunity.

Children admitted in GNM in 2021:

Children admitted in Hotel Management in 2021:

For the first time in Udayan’s history, 4 of our boys have taken admission in a Hotel Management 3 year degree course in Rinpoche Academy of Management and Technology, Kolkata, which kick-started in October 2020.

The boys are enjoying the course and we are confident they will do well on completion thanks to the burgeoning hospitality industry in India, which we expect to bounce back significantly post pandemic.

Ready, STUDY, Go!


Udayan has always been striving to create a strong education structure for our children. Even in these tough times of COVID pandemic, our team is making efforts to help children continue with their studies and exam preparations.

Online Learning

The Covid -19 pandemic necessitated a migration from conventional schooling to remote learning. Udayan has successfully transitioned to digital learning where online classes via Google Meet are held for the students from Classes I-IV of Udayan Vidyalaya. Our Teachers conduct online classes from 8:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. The morning schedule is convenient for parents who work outside. It helps children to attend the classes regularly and parents can carry mobiles to their work place after 11 am. A chapter revision test paper with 15 marks of each subject is provided to children every Friday evening through Whatsapp group. Our secondary school students are attending online classes of their respective government schools in groups under the guidance of staff members with laptops. All the children from Class V to Class VIII are participating in online activities conducted by their respective schools.

Board Exam Preparation

At Udayan, we take special care of children appearing for Class X and XII board examinations.  Unfortunately, board exams were cancelled across the state in 2021, however we are focussed on preparing our children for exams in 2022. As per the schedule prepared by Home Superintendent in consultation with children; all 2022 board examinees study for 8 hours a day - including self as well as group study sessions. Our House Brothers and House Mothers supervise special study hours, and children are provided with a special diet during the study sessions.

Leprosy Skin Screening Camp

In the Covid-19 lockdown phase, all the children were in close proximity with leprosy patients over a long period. Prolonged exposure can increase the probability of infection. Keeping this in mind, Udayan organized a ‘Leprosy Skin Screening Camp’ on 20th March 2021. Three children were diagnosed with leprosy and twenty-two children were identified with white patches and are suspected cases of leprosy.

Children Set to Return to Udayan


Udayan's children will be returning to Udayan this week, after heading home during the second phase of Covid19 pandemic and subsequent lockdown in West Bengal.  All will be happy to know that till date, no Udayan child has contracted COVID19 and all children are healthy.


On their return, the children will be provided with nutritious diet containing protein, vitamins and minerals regularly as per the doctor's advice. Apart from dietary aspects children will be involved in physical exercises (Pranayam, Yoga and Warm up exercises) as part of their Udayan’s routine.  Children in Udayan are using triple-layered masks, and practicing strict hygiene to protect them from the Covid -19 virus.

Prior to this lockdown, children were brought back to Udayan in Phases in 2020.  Phase 1 brought back students from class IX upwards. The children were quarantined at Udayan for 14 days, where we provided them food and other necessities separately. Similarly, in the 2nd and 3rd phase students from class V to VIII returned in the 1st week of January 2021 and children from class I to IV in February respectively. State rules and Udayan guidelines were followed in all three phases. 

We look forward to having the children back with us on campus and continuing their care and education.

Welcome Aboard - New Recruits!

Udayan recruited 3 new staff members during the Covid -19 lockdown period, adding some great talent to our team of staff. 

Mr. Sayan Guha was appointed as the Home Superintendant for Boys and has a Masters in Social Work with more than 7 years of experience in the NGO sector.

Sayan Guha

Mrs. Bharati Aich, (Masters in Social Work) has more than 14 years of experience in the Government as well as the NGO sector and has previously worked as a superintendent in two homes.  She has joined Udayan as a Home Superintendent for Girls.

Bharati Aich

Mrs. Sarmistha Ghosh, (Masters in Commerce) has more than 13 years of work experience with both International and National NGOs and joined Udayan in April 2021 as a Senior Accountant.  She brings with her a wealth of knowledge and experience and is excited to join the Udayan team.

Sharmishtha Ghosh

We whole heartedly welcome them to the Udayan family and look forward to seeing the positive impact they will have on our work and children.

Udayan is also in the process of recruiting a Communications Manager to join our team and we look forward to introducing you to them in our next edition of Dawn!

New & Renewed Funding Support!

Our partners and donors are our strongest pillars. Udayan has been able to bring a difference in the lives of several children from leprosy colonies. And this has been possible only with the continued support and faith of our supporters. In the last quarter too, we made some encouraging progress and express our heartfelt gratitude to our donors and partners.

LIC, under the LIC Gold Jubilee Foundation Grant, has supported Udayan with funds for the purchase of a new School Bus!  This is a valuable support, as the existing Udayan bus was nearing the end of its life on the road.  With a grant of Rs. 24,67,000 Udaayn will purchase a new 'Tata Star' 48 seater bus to ferry our students to and from school and other activities. A big thanks to LIC for their support!

SBI Life Funding Renewal

SBI Life Insurance's CSR Department, Udayan's major donor, has renewed their commitment to Udayan for this financial year. We are thankful to SBI Life Insurance for their generous support to our children to meet their education, health and nutrition needs for the financial year 2020 -2021.We appreciate your commitment to our cause.

Brick by Brick

Huge thanks to St. Joan of Arc School in the UK and City of Joy Aid, UK for their timely financial support to construct the 900/8 ft. boundary wall - which was profusely damaged by cyclone 'Amphan' in May 2020.  The cyclone uprooted many trees, electric poles, caused flooding and damaged the many properties in  North 24 Parganas, West Bengal.

The rebuilding of the boundary wall started on 26th July 2020 and was completed on 24th March 2021 - now all our children are safe within the newly built, strong campus walls!


City of Joy Aid, UK Renews Fred Kahl Health Centre Support

Our faithful friends in the UK at City of Joy Aid, UK, have once again renewed support for the health of our children, via the Fred Kahl Health Centre.  The renewed funding support will help cover the costs of visiting doctors, Specialist Treatment & Camps once in a year (Dental, Eye Check Up, ENT Camp & Skin Screening Camp for Leprosy detection), orientation on reproductive health to adolescents, personal hygiene kits for all children, distribution of supplements (folic acid) to adolescent girls, leprosy treatment and emergency medical care.  Thanks for helping us keep our children healthy and happy!

Joyful Wags - Friends of Udayan, Australia

We are happy to announce that Friends of Udayan Australia had launched the “Dog Bandana Project” to raise funds for three leprosy colonies in West Bengal. 100% of proceeds from the bandana sales would go into funding small rooms with supervision facilities for preschoolers in these leprosy colonies. During the Covid-19 lockdown in Australia, Deborah Bedford, a staunch supporter of Udayan, launched some exclusive dog bandanas, made with the help of her school-going granddaughters. The machine-sewed bandanas were in beautiful colours and each piece was exclusive. ‘FRIENDS OF UDAYAN AUSTRALIA’ labels were sewn onto each one and would be a perfect gift for your loved pet! The bandanas were priced at $15 each and a total of $250 was raised from the sale. 

Wednesday 13 January 2021

Breaking the intergenerational cycle of leprosy


Children born into leprosy-affected families within leprosy colonies get caught in a vicious, intergenerational cycle of leprosy and poverty.

1. Leprosy - Children of Leprosy affected families, are at risk of contracting the disease due to the close confines they live in with their parents.  Leprosy is transmitted via tiny droplets after prolonged, close contact with sufferers who have not undergone treatment.

2. Life in Leprosy Colony – Children grow up in a Leprosy Colony living in sub-standard, unhygienic conditions, where they are at risk of other social evils (abuse, violence), which generates trauma, reinforce self-stigma, inhibit opportunities and exacerbate poverty.

3. Social & Self Stigma – Throughout their life, children from leprosy-affected families experience social exclusion and stigma – so much so that it manifests in the form of ‘self-stigma’ where their confidence levels and self-belief become severely impaired.

4. Limited Education – Those lucky enough to access education, do so at local schools where they are bullied and ostracized by both peers and teachers. Many, especially girls, drop out early.

5. Diminished Livelihood Opportunities – With little education and no skills for decent livelihood, income opportunities are limited to options they ‘know’ and ‘see around them’ – daily laboring, rag-picking and begging.

6. Poverty – Earning as little as  INR 3000-4000 per month, they become trapped in a life of poverty within the only home they know - the leprosy colony. And as their children enter the world – so the cycle continues. 


Udayan: Breaking the Cycle of Leprosy

At Udayan we have a single minded focus – to break the cycle and help our children ‘rise above leprosy’ and its associated poverty - via a life of education, livelihood and opportunity.

We aim to break the intergenerational cycle of leprosy by providing a  safe environment for children to grow and pursue studies and later ensure better livelihoods.

It looks like this:

Here is a real life story of Sanjay Neogi who, after attending Udayan, broke free from leprosy colony life and he hasn’t looked back!

1. Early Life in Leprosy Colony: Sanjay Neogi was living in Kakinara Leprosy Colony, North 24 Parganas. His father, Panchanan was affected with leprosy and had lost sense in his finger due to the disease. Panchanan Neogi was a rickshaw puller and his mother, China Neogi was working as an Aya in Gandhi Prem Nivas Leprosy Hospital, Titagarh. 

2. Safe, Healthy Childhood at Udayan: In 1993, Sanjay took admission in Udayan and started his education from Udayan Vidyalaya. Sanjay was a calm, focused and obedient boy; he was very good in drawing and other extra curricular activities.

3. Nutrition & Education Support: He became strong and healthy at Udayan - getting regular check ups and eating heartily each day.  Sanjay completed his Class X examination from Telinipara High School, Barrackpore. In 2006, Sanjay completed his Higher Secondary Examination (Class XII).  

4. Building Aspirations & Personality Development: At Udayan, Sanjay began to dream of a future and different life for him and his family. 

5. Vocational Training & Tertiary Education - After completing class XII and later graduation from  University of Calcutta, Sanjay took admission in  Bankim Chandra College in Naihati  He then started taking tuition classes to support his family as well as prepare himself for a decent respectable job.

6. Livelihood & Escaping Poverty - The life of Sanjay’s family changed when he got an opportunity as Divisional Manager Club Member position in Life Insurance Corporation of India (Public Sector Unit (PSU) under Government of India) in 2011. His monthly salary is INR 30,000  per month. Besides, he gets a festival allowance, monthly incentives and insurance coverage. The job has secured his life and helped him become financially stable. Sanjay purchased land in Barrackpore and constructed his own house. In 2017 he got married to Monalisa, a highly educated lady who has completed her Master's Degree and she has no history of leprosy. Sanjay’s parents, Panchanan and China Neogi stay with him in new house located in Barackpore. Sanjay arranged for physiotherapy treatment for treating his father’s paralyzed finger and now he is fully recovered. Now Sanjay is living a happy life in society without stigma and social discrimination. His wife is now preparing for School Service Test ( SST) under the State Government.

Sanjay with his wife Monalisa




Monday 11 January 2021

Prasanta shares about his recent birthday celebration

 Hello, my Name is Prasanta Majhi, I am from Tata Nagar Leprosy Colony. I came to Udayan in 2017 with my parents and got admission in Udayan Vidyalaya, I go to Sewli Boys High School and Study in Class V. 

I love to stay in Udayan because I have many friends here. We go to school together, learn Karate together and play together in the evening. I learn Football and Basket Ball.

On my birthday on 3rd February,   I cut cake with my friends. I love eating cake. I want to join the Indian Army after completing my studies at Udayan.

I wish that in 2021 I get to join the regular school and meet all my friends.

Happy New Year!!

Kajal wishes a happy and healthy 2021

 I am Kajal Khetropal, I am a student of class IX. I completed my sixteen years on 28th July. My family stays at Sitarampur Leprosy Colony but I live in Udayan for 10 years. I Love to stay at Udayan. I have 6 closest friends in Udayan. We enjoy spending time with each other and talk a lot!

Here in Udayan, I learn Karate, singing, dancing, drawing and crafts.  I am fond of chocolates and every year I get chocolates on my birthday, by Udayan. After completing my Class XII, I want to become a nurse and contribute towards the treatment of leprosy patients.

This new year, I wish everyone to stay healthy and happy. May New Year brings a Covid -19 free world.

Thanks a lot.

Jeet Bauri sends New Year wishes

 Hello friends!

I am Jeet Bauri, I am from Bankura Leprosy colony. I came to Udayan in 2017. I have completed my primary education from Udayan Vidyalaya. 

I study in class V, my school is Sewli Boys High School.

I love Udayan. Here in Udayan, I regularly practice Yoga and Karate. I love to play with my friends in Udayan. They love me a lot.

My birthday is on 21th August. On my birthday I cut a big chocolate cake and share a with all my friends. We enjoy a lot. I have decorated Christmas tree with my friends and love it.  I want to be an engineer. I have been told to study a lot to become an engineer. I love mathematics.

I wish 2021 brings lots of hope and happiness to everyone. I wish I could meet my friends in New Year.

First Batch of Boys Enrolled in Hospitality


For the first time, four ex-Udayan boys who are graduates of Class XII, have taken admission in a 3-year degree program in Hotel Management in ‘Rinpoche Academy of Management & Technology’ under ‘Moulana Abdul Kalam Azad University of Technology, West Bengal.’


Online classes kicked off in the first week of December 2020, and the boys are enthusiastic to pursue their careers in the sector which has been booming in India (despite the recent decline due to COVI-19). 


Udayan has been actively working to broaden the horizons and aspirations of its children and encourage the pursuit of studies and jobs that students have a keen interest in, and which offer optimum employment opportunities with reasonable salaries.

Here are the four boys from Udayan enrolled in the hotel management programme.

Suresh Mahato

Badal Thapa

Nasir Ahmed

Biki Singh

When asked about the prospects of the Hospitality sector post COVID 19, Udayan GB member & Treasurer, Mohan Chandran (who has over 30 years of experience in the sector with the Taj Group) was confident that the sector would bounce back again strongly over the coming year, in particular, by the time the boys graduate and are ready to find a job!

Annual General Meeting 2020 & Annual Report 2019-20


Udayan held its first ever virtual Annual General Meeting on Saturday 28th November via 'Google Meet'.  At the meeting, the Annual Report for 2019/20 was tabled with positive feedback from members on the professionalism and comprehensive nature of information in the report.  Read and download the annual report here.


A glimpse of the virtual AGM

Elections were held and a subsequent GB meeting nominated positions.  Governing Body elected included:

 - Emily R Menon (Chair)

- Amrita Isaac Roy (Vice-Chair)

- Dr. Sue John (Secretary)

- Mohan Chandran (Treasurer)

- Raj Kumar Fenn (Member)

- Mahua Hazarika (Member)


Geoffrey Rodrigues retired from the GB after a long period of commitment and support to the organization.  Everyone wished him well and he assured all he would remain closely associated with Udayan.


Selection Drive for the Next Batch of Udayan Students


The Udayan team has been in the field in the first week of January, visiting leprosy colonies and conducting a selection drive for enrollment of the next batch of children.  After visiting 10 Colonies during the week, the team met with over 120 children whose parents were eager for them to attend Udayan.

The selection drive was conducted in the following colonies

1. Nabadiganta
2. Kankarganga
3. Rahamat danga
4. Sitarampur
5. Simonpur
6. Jabunabandh
7. Kalanpur
8. Paiyardoba
9. Barakar
10. Adra

After a rigorous scrutiny of documents and assessing the livelihood status of families, 65 children were shortlisted. Once the enrollment formalities are completed, Udayan will house 289 children in total.

A glimpse of the selection drive

 "This year we visited 2 colonies that we haven't visited in the last few years. The state of conditions there is quite gruesome.  Accommodation facilities, in particular, are substandard and the people are extremely poor and stigmatized.  These colonies are very old and have been in existence for over 50 years." said Dipak Sahu, Udayan Director.

 He further added, "We had a good response from families, and our reputation in the colonies are very positive after years of goodwill. All parents are eager to have their children enrolled at Udayan for a better future." 

The Udayan family is excited to welcome its new members. 

Wednesday 6 January 2021

Basanti Dhar's New Year wish

Hello Friends!

My Name is Basanti Dhar. I am from Gouripur Leprosy Colony. I am Sixteen years old and my birthday is on 27th March. I love to stay at Udayan as I have many friends here and we always support each other. They are from different leprosy colonies around West Bengal.

I love gardening and signing. I learn Karate, drawing, singing and dancing. But I love to sing most.  My favourite subject s geography. I want to visit various tourist places and want to meet people from different cultures. I like to meet new people and make friends. I want to study Hotel Management after my class XII.

My wish for 2021 is to spend more time with my friends in Udayan and have a great learning time at Udayan. I hope New Year brings lots of peace and prosperity for all of us.

Thanks a lot.

2020 Was our Greatest Teacher ...


I know what you're thinking!  2020 was a terrible year in so many ways and we're all happy to see the back of it.  But what if we looked at it differently?  What if we saw the lessons it taught us and reframed 2020 as one with a 'silver lining’...?


Here’s what we learned in lockdown …


1. Even children from leprosy colonies can learn online

The world's children were removed from schools in 2020 and shunted into 'home online learning' creating challenges for both parents and teachers globally.  But how do you compare the plight of first world children to those forced to do the same in rural West Bengal - in a leprosy colony?  Firstly there is no supervision.  Parents need to work to survive, so children are left to their own devices at home and in communities which creates all sorts of challenges.  And then how do they get online to learn?  Firstly hats off to the Udayan Vidyalaya staff who regrouped and found a way to deliver online classes via zoom to students huddled around mobile phones - many borrowed or on loan.  But it happened.  And whilst you can hardly say Udayan is at the forefront of technology, somehow we found a way to ensure our kids were learning. 

 screenshots of the virtual classes held by Udayan teachers

2. Our staff are our greatest asset

Many of our staff are from the leprosy colonies themselves, which gives us an automatic entry point and point of contact in these remote communities to mobilize when the need arises.  And there were multiple needs in 2020.  Firstly, as the lockdown extended and people were struggling to make ends meet, our team hit the ground running to quickly distribute rations to those in need.  Management was in negotiation with donors, old and new, to make sure money was available for this 'new found need' and our team transformed into outreach workers making things happen on the ground swiftly and safely.  Ive never been so proud of our incredible people ...


3. Even a Cyclone, in a Pandemic cannot stop us

Just when we thought things couldn't get any worse, the tropical, seasonal and brutal weather of the Bay of Bengal lashed out and Cyclone Amphan unleashed its force on Kolkata - and Udayan did not escape unscathed.  Whilst we were fortunate to escape with minimal damage to the campus, it was still a tough blow in already trying times!  Our Barrackpore based staff quickly assessed the damage and rolled up their sleeves to start the clean up.  Our UK supporters picked up the phone and were quick to move funds into action to rebuild the vast security wall that had collapsed in the storm.  Sometimes you can be beaten down, but the Udayan spirit prevails and slowly, but surely, we recovered ...


4. Sometimes you have to buck the trend to do what's right

Whilst the schools remained closed during the lockdown, as an organization we began to worry about the safety of our children as COVID-19 swept through West Bengal at a rapid pace.  Living in poor conditions, with limited nutrition at home, it was only a matter of time before the virus hit the colonies and our kids became vulnerable.  Our Governing Body and Management made the difficult decision to bring children back, in what was a complicated exercise in logistics, as we felt they would be far safer in Udayan and we could more proactively support their continued studies.  Whilst so many NGOs and organizations 'played it safe' and stayed closed, we mobilized, followed safety protocols, and brought our kids back into the safe confines of Udayan.


5. One must always be ready to 'pivot'

At Udayan we run a home and our expertise is in education, health, and livelihoods. But in these exceptional circumstances, we had to 'pivot' and become outreach workers, operating and providing 'disaster relief' in risky times.  This to me, highlights the strength and qualities of our management and people who are not, after all, pigeonholed into one type of social work ... but show us all that they are willing and able to do so much more.  This agility is a great quality that I hope we take forward as we spread our wings in the coming years.


2020 was a challenge that helped us unite, strengthen our resolve, and overcome.  As we move into 2021 I feel confident that, with the strength of the Udayan spirit, we can handle anything that the universe chooses to throw at us!


Warm Regards for a Safe & Prosperous New Year